Diabetic nerve pain which is also known as Diabetic neuropathy arises from prolonged complications resulting from either Type1 or Type 2 diabetes – (a medical condition where the glucose level in the blood is abnormally higher than it is supposed to be)
In either of these conditions, there is a low blood flow and an abnormal increase in glucose present in the blood; this causes the nerves in the affected regions to suffer damages which may sometimes become irreparable.
The damage continues to increase if the condition is not managed and the affected patient starts to suffer from diabetic nerve pain.
For a number of patients the symptoms of diabetic nerve pain sets in slowly and may take a while to reach the chronic stage, while for other some others, diabetic nerve pain may set in rather suddenly without too many signals.
Some of the early precursors are numb or tingling feelings in the hands and feet, nausea, vomiting, constipation, fatigue, frequent changes in blood pressure, dizziness, fainting spells and muscle pain. Men may also experience erectile dysfunction, while women may feel constant dryness in the vagina and pain during sexual intercourse.
Diabetic nerve pain is classed into four types based on the portion of the anatomy which is affected.
These four classifications are peripheral neuropathy, autonomic neuropathy, proximal neuropathy and focal neuropathy.
Peripheral diabetic nerve pain affects the phalanges on the hands and feet. It may also cause feelings of pain or numbness in the arms and the legs.
Diabetic nerve pain of the autonomic nature may affect the nerves of the heart, eyes, lungs, sweat glands, the bowels and stomach. It may also inhibit sexual intercourse in patients who suffer from it.
Proximal diabetic nerve pain is felt in the hips and buttocks. It may also affect the thighs and cause intense feeling of weakness in the legs.
Focal diabetic nerve pain could affect almost any nerve in the human body; however some of the more common nerves that it affects are located in the eyes, ears, facial muscles, the thighs and the feet.
Chronic diabetic nerve pain is often largely without cure but can be contained with effective pain management techniques and medication.
Diet is also important in the treatment as patients will need to avoid all forms of food that could increase the level of glucose in their blood.
It is also important for patients to pay attention to the early warning signs indicative of a nerve disorder and consult an experienced neurologist.